Echoes of the 1951 Gryfice and Drawsko incidents in Warmia and Mazury in the light of the materials of the KW PZPR and WUBP in Olsztyn (part 2)
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Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, Polska
Submission date: 2022-04-27
Final revision date: 2022-07-06
Acceptance date: 2022-07-18
Online publication date: 2022-12-20
Publication date: 2022-12-20
Corresponding author
Radosław Gross   

Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, Polska
KMW 2022;318(3):406-433
The revelation in 1951 of the brutal methods used during the purchase of grain and the collectivization of villages in the Gryfice district resulted in the most serious crisis in agricultural policy during the Stalinist period in Poland. The halting of the collectivization process did not escape the attention of the political police. It also aroused the concern of the central authorities, who, as early as the summer of 1951, recommended resuming decisive methods of collectivizing the countryside and enforcing benefits from the peasants. The instances of forceful methods of collectivization in the Drawsko district, revealed in September 1951, could not, in the assumption of the party authorities, prevent further reconstruction of the countryside. The published documents (part 2) concern the reaction of the provincial party apparatus to irregularities reported during the June Plenum of the PZPR Central Committee, the effects of the “Gryfice” resolution noticed by the Olsztyn security apparatus, as well as the new “attitudes” of the provincial and district structures of the PZPR towards the halting of the collectivization process.
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