The smile of fortune and the bitterness of fate. Alexander Sculteti (c. 1485–1570), friend of Nicolaus Copernicus
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Toruń, Polska
Submission date: 2024-01-30
Acceptance date: 2024-03-15
Online publication date: 2024-03-15
Publication date: 2024-03-15
Corresponding author
Teresa Borawska   

Toruń, Polska
KMW 2023;323(4):519-577
Aleksander Scultetus was born around 1485, as the son of a councillor of Tczew (Dirschau). He studied first in Krakow (1503–1508) and then in Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in both laws. Thanks to his talents and belonging to the “family” of Cardinal Alexander Farnese (the future Pope Paul III), Scultetus obtained canons in Dorpat (Tartu) and Hapsal (Haapsalu), in 1514 and in Rewel (Tallinn) and Frombork (Frauenburg) in 1519. Facing the Reformation, Scultetus saw the necessity of reforming the Church and defended the rights of Giese, appointed by the ailing Bishop Maurice Ferber as his coadjutor. He conflicted then to the Bishop of Chełmno (Kulm) Jan Dantiscus and to the Royal Secretary Stanislaw Hozjusz. Accused by them of breaking the celibacy and professing heresy, he was sentenced to banishment by the King, so in the autumn of 1540, he left to Rome. He belonged to the circle of supporters of the Council of Trent and participated in its opening. He died in Rome in 1570, and his bookscollection became the property of the broth- erhood “S. Maria dell’ Anima”
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