The former water mill “Patorra” in the light of archaeological excavations carried out in the summer of 2012, site XXI in Szkotowo, Nidzica County
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Uniwersytet Warszawski
Bartłomiej Kaczyński
Online publication date: 2017-04-04
Publication date: 2017-04-05
KMW 2017;295(1):109–156
Archaeological investigations were carried out on the initiative of a local history enthusiast, who discovered the site of the former water mill in Szkotowo in 2011. Their purpose was to verify archival information, as well as to determine the size and date of the structure. The work was carried out in the summer of 2012. In the course of complex archaeological investigations, the wooden remains of the former watermill and nearby house were uncovered. The mill building was erected on a rectangular plan in a frame construction from pine. The remains of the weir were recorded in the northern part of the site. A number of structural elements related to the functioning of the facility were uncovered, i.e. parts of the platform, the reinforcing walls of the structure and the water supply to the weir. On the basis of archaeological and dendrochronological studies, the structure could be dated to modern times (18th – 20th centuries), and an attempt was made to reconstruct how the mill functioned (determining the place of the mill mechanism, the type and location of the wheel). A large collection of metal, stone and ceramic finds representing a chronological range from the 2nd to 20th century was recovered.